Pepper spray (also known as teargas, or OC spray (from “Oleoresin Capsicum”), OC gas, capsicum spray, or oleoresin capsicum) is a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even temporary blindness that is used in riot control, crowd control, and personal self-defense, including defense against dogs and bears.
The active ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin, which is a chemical derived from the fruit of plants in the Capsicum genus, including chilis. Extraction of oleoresin capsicum from peppers involves finely ground capsicum, then the capsaicin is extracted in an organic solvent such as ethanol. The solvent is then evaporated, and the remaining waxlike resin is the oleoresin capsicum. An emulsifier such as propylene glycol is used to suspend the OC in water, and pressurized to make it aerosol in pepper spray.
The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method is used to measure the amountof capsaicin within pepper sprays. Scoville Heat Units (SHU) are used to measure the hotness of pepper spray.
Included in this category are multiple methods for the preparation of teargas and pepper sprays. Included are methods for producing improvised homemade pepper spray.
Pepper spray is also known as O.C. spray or OC (for oleoresin capsicum (CS), the active ingredient in cayenne pepper) and is therefore completely natural. Pepper spray is safe enough for you to spice up your chili, and in the face and eyes, is no more harmful (just a lot more painful!). Learn how to make your own in this simple guide.
Olersin Capsicum, or OC is a natural extract made from the chili pepper. It causes physical incapacitation with temporary blindness, difficulty breathing, and extreme pain as its main effects. This document instructs the user on how to manufacture OC gas, which can then be loaded into misters, squirt guns, paint sprayers and used as a self defense weapon.