Medieval Weaponry & Weapons

Medieval warriors used many kinds of weapons. For example, a knights favorite weapon was his sword. There were many kinds of medieval swords, such as the great sword which were two handed swords.

They were larger versions of the ordinary sword, and swung with both hands to deliver a powerful blow. Large swords began to become popular in the 13th century. A knight would hang a sword in his saddle in addition to his regular sword.

Another weapon a knight or a Viking would use was a medieval battle ax. This ax was developed in northern Europe and was especially popular with the Vikings. It could prove lethal to horseman especially when mounted on a yard long haft (handle) and swung with both hands.

One of the smallest weapons a warrior used was a medieval dagger. Knights only occasionally used daggers until the 14th century. Daggers were used as a back up sword; when the knights first sword was knocked out of his hand.

Knights used a weapon called a medieval lance. Lances were long and came in many sizes. They were made of wood and were painted. Maces were also another wooden weapon used by knights. They were shaped like clubs with spikes stuck into them.

Archers used medieval bow and arrows. One kind of bow and arrow is the medieval long bow. This type of bow was usually made of stave or yew wood about the height of the archer himself. It was usually fitted with horn nocks at the top to take the hemp string. War bows probably needed a pull of at least 80lb. , and many have been far more powerful.

Medieval Crossbows were another kind of bow. They were introduced in the 11th century, they were made of wood or horn. After shooting, the string was drawn back by the archer placing his foot inthe stirrup. He then attached the string to a hook in his belt and straightened his back until the string slipped over the retaining catch on the crossbar of the weapon. The bow was usually shot by means of some kind of trigger.

Learn about all types of Medieval Weaponry from our extensive collection of literature!