Intelligence and Reconnaissance

In addition to collecting and processing intelligence about our enemies and reporting to our consumers, the Intelligence Community is also faced with the problem of identifying, understanding, prioritizing and counteracting the intelligence threats (from foreign agents) that are faced by the United States. This activity is known as counterintelligence.

Counterintelligence involves more than simply the catching of spies (counterespionage). It is, infact, concerned with understanding, and countering, all aspects of the intelligence operations of foreign nations. As defined in Executive Order 12333, counterintelligence includes both “information gathered” and “activities conducted” in order to “protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations, or persons, or international terrorist activities, but not including personnel, physical, document or communications security programs.”

Counterintelligence (CI)refers to efforts made by intelligence organizations to prevent hostile or enemy intelligence organizations from successfully gathering and collecting intelligence against them. Many governments organize counterintelligence agencies separate and distinct from their intelligence collection services for specialized purposes. Counterintelligence has its own distinct logic as an intellectual discipline. As defined at law, counterintelligence embraces both.

These high-quality, battle-proven Intelligence and Reconnaissance strategies have been compiled by government agencies and issued to members of their internal departments. Due to declassification, we can now bring these actual handbooks to you.